The United Kingdom’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) is challenging Microsoft and Activision Blizzard to justify their planned merger, saying the deal “could substantially lessen competition” in the gaming industry. A CMA announcement today cited concerns about “competition in gaming consoles, multi-game subscription services, and cloud gaming services (game streaming).”
Microsoft announced its plan to buy Activision Blizzard for $68.7 billion in January.
“Microsoft is one of three large companies, together with Sony and Nintendo, that have led the market for gaming consoles for the past 20 years with limited entries from new rivals,” the CMA said. “Activision Blizzard has some of the world’s best-selling and most recognizable gaming franchises, such as call of duty and World of Warcraft. The CMA is concerned that if Microsoft buys Activision Blizzard it could harm rivals, including recent and future entrants into gaming, by refusing them access to Activision Blizzard games or providing access on much worse terms.”
The CMA said these “concerns warrant an in-depth Phase 2 investigation,” so Microsoft and Activision Blizzard have been ordered “to submit proposals to address the CMA’s concerns” within five working days. “If suitable proposals are not submitted, the deal will be referred for a Phase 2 investigation,” which would “allow an independent panel of experts to probe in more depth the risks identified at Phase 1,” the CMA said.
Besides Microsoft’s Xbox console, the CMA noted Microsoft’s Azure cloud computing platform and the Windows operating system. “The CMA is concerned that Microsoft could leverage Activision Blizzard’s games together with Microsoft’s strength across console, cloud, and PC operating systems to damage competition in the nascent market for cloud gaming services,” the announcement said.
A Phase 2 investigation can result in a merger being prohibited or a requirement to sell some parts of the business. A Phase 2 investigation is typically limited to 24 weeks but can be extended by up to eight weeks. After a final report, “the CMA has a statutory deadline of 12 weeks (extendable by up to six weeks for special reasons) to make an order or accept undertakings to give effect to its Phase 2 remedies.”
In another high-profile case, the CMA launched a Phase 2 investigation of a proposed Nvidia/Arm deal. The companies later scrapped the planned merger.
Amid concerns about Activision games’ availability on non-Xbox platforms, Microsoft in February said it “committed to Sony” that “call of duty and other popular Activision titles” will be “available on PlayStation beyond the existing agreement and into the future.” In March, four US senators urged the Federal Trade Commission to scrutinize the Microsoft/Activision merger.
“If our current concerns are not addressed, we plan to explore this deal in an in-depth Phase 2 investigation to reach a decision that works in the interests of UK gamers and businesses,” CMA Senior Director of Mergers Sorcha O’Carroll said.
Microsoft previously completed a $7.5 billion purchase of Bethesda parent company ZeniMax in March 2021. In November, Microsoft Gaming CEO Phil Spencer confirmed in an interview that Bethesda’s Elder Scrolls VI will be available only on Xbox consoles and the PC.